TranSPHIRE: automated and feedback-optimized on-the-fly processing for cryo-EM
Stabrin M, Schoenfeld F, Wagner T, Pospich S, Gatsogiannis C, Raunser S (2020) Nat Commun
Single particle cryo-EM requires full automation to allow high-throughput structure determination. Although software packages exist where parts of the cryo-EM pipeline are automated, a complete solution that offers reliable on-the-fly processing, resulting in highresolution structures, does not exist. Here we present TranSPHIRE: A software package for fully-automated processing of cryo-EM datasets during data acquisition. TranSPHIRE transfers data from the microscope, automatically applies the common pre-processing steps, picks particles, performs 2D clustering, and 3D refinement parallel to image recording. Importantly, TranSPHIRE introduces a machine learning-based feedback loop to re-train its picking model to adapt to any given data set live during processing. This elegant approach enables TranSPHIRE to process data more effectively, producing high-quality particle stacks. TranSPHIRE collects and displays all metrics and microscope settings to allow users to quickly evaluate data during acquisition. TranSPHIRE can run on a single work station and also includes the automated processing of filaments.